RUTH: Hello and welcome to another programme in the teaching English series 'Say
It Again'. My name is Ruth Lowton and with me this week, I have Lee Kee.
Welcome, Lee Kee.
LEE KEE: Thank you Ruth. What's happening on the programme today?
RUTH: As always, there is some teaching on a different part of the English language.
Today we're looking at the word 'must'. And there's another true story.
LEE KEE: That's a lot to listen to. Where shall we start?
RUTH: I think we'll start with our new drama. In our last programme, you heard
Grace and Paul discussing the food they were buying for Grace's birthday party.
Today it's the day of her birthday. Paul wakes her up.
RUTH: It's exciting when you have a party, isn't it?
LEE KEE: Oh yes! I remember my parties when I was a little girl. I always put a
pretty party dress on.
RUTH: Yes! That's called 'getting ready'. Near the end of the drama, Grace says, 'I
must go and get ready.' But near the beginning of the drama, did you hear Grace say,
'We've got to get all the food ready!' To get the food ready means to have all the
food prepared or 'made up' ready before her friends arrive.
LEE KEE: Yes! As you said earlier, Grace also said that she needed to go and 'get
herself ready'. To 'make herself' up in her lovely pink dress and her new gold
necklace round her neck. Grace gets ready.
RUTH: Let's practice using both of those meanings. I'll say the sentence first then
you say them after me with Lee Kee. 'We've got to get all the food ready.'
LEE KEE: 'We've got to get all the food ready.'
RUTH: 'I must go and get myself ready for my party.'
LEE KEE: 'I must go and get myself ready for my party.'
RUTH: So Grace says, 'We've got to get all the food ready.' 'Got to' do something
means it is necessary. Using the word 'must' is another way of saying it is necessary.
Grace said, 'I must go and get myself ready.' Let's listen to those two sections again.
The first part we'll listen to is from the beginning of the drama, the part after the jingle
is from the end.
RUTH: Lee Kee, can you remember what Grace said after 'Party? Today!?'?
LEE KEE: She said, 'I must get up!' She had to get up out of bed or there wouldn't be
any food ready for the party!
RUTH: Yes that's right! Grace had to get up. 'Had to', 'got to' and 'must' all say that
it's necessary. The word 'necessary' is spelt rather oddly. Let me spell it out for
you - 'N e c e s s a r y'. Can you repeat that, Lee Kee?
LEE KEE: 'N e c e s s a r y'.
RUTH: Lee Kee, can you think of a sentence using the words 'had to'?
LEE KEE: 'I had to run quickly because it was raining.'
RUTH: Good. Can you think of a sentence using 'got to'?
LEE KEE: 'I've got to get up or Iˇll be late!'
RUTH: Then the last word we heard earlier was 'must'. Can you put 'must 'into a
sentence please, Lee Kee?
LEE KEE: 'I must open the window, it's very stuffy in here.'
RUTH: There'll be a chance to practice each of these sentences later.
RUTH: Today's true story is about Ayrton Senna. He was born in Sao Paolo, Brazil
in 1960. Ayrton Senna was a brilliant young man. At the age of 17, he was the
South American Kart Champion. His fame and determination often meant that he
found himself without friends. He led a lonely life. In July 1990, Ayrton Senna
told some reporters that he was a Christian. It was at his tragic death in 1994 that the
true extent of Senna's faith was shown. This story is the first of two parts and is
being read by Andrew.
Ayrton Senna was born in March 1960 in Sao Paolo in Brazil. He had a younger
brother and an older sister. Their father had a successful car components business as
well as a number of cattle farms.
At one of the farms there was a jeep with a very old engine. One day, his father was
amazed to see the young Ayrton driving the vehicle by himself. He was just seven
years old and no one had ever taught him to drive.
Soon he was driving a kart at a track called Parque Anhembi. But his first real race
was in 1973 at Interlagos, Sao Paolo and he won. In 1977, Senna won the South
American Kart Championship in Uruguay. The following year, he came to Europe
for the first time. He could speak only a little English, and was surrounded by
strangers - he was shy and didn't mix very well with other people.
In the late 70's one driver was being killed every year in motor racing. His family
was concerned for his safety, so Ayrton returned to Brazil and went to college in Sao
Paolo. But the pull of the racing track was too strong and he left college, came across
to England and started to race here at an amateur level. It wasn't long before he was
winning every race that he took part in. In 1984, he moved to Formula One, the
biggest and most exclusive of all the motor racing organisations and began his climb
to the top of the ranks.
Just before the British Grand Prix in 1990, Ayrton spent a little time talking to two
Englishmen. It was there that he revealed that he was a committed Christian, that
the Christian Bible and prayer were important to him, and that some day he would like
to be a Bible teacher. But this was never to be.
RUTH: In our next true story, we'll hear more about Senna's life and faith.
RUTH: As always, before we finish the programme, there's a little time left to practice
some of the phrases we've heard today. Lee Kee and I were talking about 'had to',
'got to' and 'must'. I'll say a sentence using each of these 'phrases' and you can say
them after me with Lee Kee. 'We had to run fast to catch the bus.'
LEE KEE: 'We had to run fast to catch the bus.'
RUTH: Good! Now I'll use 'got to'. 'I've got to hurry or I might be late.'
LEE KEE: 'I've got to hurry or I might be late.'
RUTH: The last one is 'must'. 'I must go now, I'm meeting a friend.'
LEE KEE: 'I must go now, I'm meeting a friend.'
RUTH: Did you manage to say each of those sentences after me with Lee Kee?
RUTH: We also practised spelling the word 'necessary.' There are lots of spelling
games you can play with your friends. I'll explain one. You can open an English
book, any page, and then choose any word on that page. Ask your friend to spell it.
Be careful how you pronounce your word or it might confuse your friend when he or
she comes to spell it. This is a good game to play in a group. You could all try and
spell the word getting one point if your spelling is right. The first person to ten
points is the winner. It's almost time for Lee Kee and me to go. We must go and
prepare for our next programme. Thatˇs our first birthday programme. We'll have
been 'Saying It Again' for one year when we meet you again. Lee Kee and I hope
that you'll join us then. Goodbye.
LEE KEE: Goodbye.